Sports physiotherapy, manual orthopedic, respiratory, neurological, geriatric, traumatological...
According to WHO, physiotherapy is "the art and science of treatment through therapeutic exercise, heat, cold, light, water, massage and electricity. Physiotherapy also includes the execution of electrical and manual tests to determine the value of the affectation and muscular strength, tests to determine the functional capacities, the amplitude of joint movement and measures of vital capacity, as well as diagnostic aids for the control of the evolution".
At the Pardiñas Dental Medical Clinic Belén López Physiotherapist, is in charge of the following specialties:
The sports physiotherapy is a specialization aimed at all those people who practice sports regularly, either for health, basic or professional.
Some pathologies usually treated are:
- Musculotendinous lesions such as contractures, overloads, fibrillar tears or tendonitis.
- Meniscopathies, reeducation to the effort, osteopathy of the pubis, capsule-ligament injuries, joint instability, shoulder rotator cuff injuries, functional bandages, massage and sports massage, sports performance, postural assessment of the athlete.
- Ligamentous and joint injuries such as sprains, patellar chondropathy, capsulitis, bursitis, among others.
Manual orthopedic physiotherapy (MOP)
It consists of a comprehensive evaluation of the patient's arthro-neuro-muscular system and its functional capabilities. This assessment defines the dysfunction that the patient presents in the joint, muscular and nervous systems, as well as in other relevant systems; explaining how they relate to any disability or functional limitation.
The intervention in orthopedic manual therapy is formed by different techniques including: muscle stretching, strength and muscle coordination, mobilization of the nervous system, manipulation and slow joint mobilization, both active and passive stabilization and resistance exercises , as well as the general functional situation of the patient. Also essential during the intervention process is self-treatment by the patient (a set of therapeutic strategies that the physiotherapist instructs the patient to manage their own functional and general health status).
Specialization that treats and prevents the different diseases of the respiratory system or any that interfere in its correct functioning, in order to maintain or improve respiratory function.
Some pathologies that we usually treat are: COPD, acute obstructions of the air flow, obstructive and restrictive pathologies, cystic fibrosis and in general any type of bronchopulmonary and thoracic problem.
Among the benefits of this therapy, we find the improvement of the patient's relaxation, the expansion of the pulmonary parenchyma, the mobility of the thorax, of its joints, increase the lung capacity, eliminate secretions and achieve an adequate respiratory pattern.
Specialization aimed at pathologies caused by the involvement of the central and / or peripheral nervous system.
It consists in the evaluation and treatment of people with motor, postural and / or balance problems due to an etiology due to injury to the nervous system.
Among these injuries and pathologies we can highlight: spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, traumatic brain injury, Parkinson's disease, stroke, infantile cerebral palsy, polyneuropathies, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), vestibular disorders.
Geriatric physiotherapy is born with the increase in the index of life, making elderly patients more and more numerous. The principles in this area are to facilitate the achievement or improvement of the psychological and psychomotor person's functionality.
The main objectives, taking into account the residual capacities of the patient, are: increase functional joint ranges, maintain and / or recover physical-functional independence in ADL, work muscle strength, achieve a good pattern of walking and balance, promote active aging and decrease post-fall and immobility syndromes.
Traumatological physiotherapy involves a specific assessment and a treatment protocol encompassing various pathologies such as: sprains, fractures, contractures, dislocations, joint degeneration, back pain, surgeries, tendinitis, calcifications, prosthesis, ligament rupture, fiber rupture, pathology meniscal, among others.
Its main objectives are to relieve pain, reduce inflammation and improve mobility and functionality.
Therapeutic massage activates the blood and lymphatic circulation, facilitates the elimination of toxins, increases the oxygen supply to the tissues, stimulates the production of endorphins, so it relieves stress and improves negative moods. It is formed by various massage techniques that are used in the treatment of neuromuscular and musculoskeletal disorders. With it, we help relieve joint stiffness and muscle tension in the body, as well as muscle aches and spasms.
Manual lymphatic drainage (MLD)
Manual lymphatic drainage is used to improve edema, inflammation and decrease the retention of organic liquids. This technique favors the circulation of the lymph and uses very smooth, slow and repetitive movements of the hands. Since the lymphatic system has a strong influence on the immune system and has a sedative and relaxing effect, after the MLD, there is a general improvement of the patient and an enhancement of the draining effect by acting on the parasympathetic nervous system.
TMJ physiotherapy and mandibular skull dysfunction
Specialization aimed at treating bone and soft tissues of the craniofavicomandibular area, with soft tissue treatment and joint mobilization being the most used techniques.
It includes different dysfunctions that can be classified into: temporomandibular joint pathologies, parafunctions, myofascial syndrome, joint disorders (dislocations, disc displacements, blockages), trismus, pre and post surgery, malocclusion.
Among the main objectives of physiotherapy in craniomandibular and TMJ dysfunctions are the reduction of pain and the restoration of joint mobility within normal movement patterns.
The DNHS® (Dry Needling for Hypertonia and Spasticity) technique is a dry puncture technique used in people with central nervous system injury and is aimed at reducing hypertonia and spasticity, as well as improving the patient's functionality.
It is used to reduce excessive electromyographic activity in patients with central nervous system lesions of different etiology (infant cerebral palsy, cerebrovascular accident, head trauma, etc).
According to WHO, occupational therapy (OT) is "the set of techniques, methods and actions that, through activities applied for therapeutic purposes, prevents and maintains health, favors the restoration of function, replaces invalidating deficits and evaluates the behavioral assumptions and their deep significance to achieve the greatest possible independence and reinsertion of the individual in all its aspects: work, mental, physical and social ".
The primary objective is that the patient acquires maximum functionality independently, whether physical, cognitive and / or behavioral by performing some significant activity for the person.
Among the areas of action of occupational therapy we can find:
- Assessment of the capabilities and limitations of the person.
- Prevention of physical-functional and cognitive disabilities.
- Assessment and treatment of sensory, cognitive, superior, social and psychological capacities.
- Development of objectives and evaluation of individualized and significant treatment programs.
- Training and reeducation in the activities of daily life.
- Training in the use of technical aids always, compensating their limitations.
- Confection, realization and prescription orthosis and technical aids, as well as the training of the person in its use.
- Adaptation of the environment and development of programs to eliminate architectural barriers, as well as advice to families, users and professionals from other specialties.
- Evaluation of means of transport and their possible adaptations.
- Training of the individual to achieve the highest degree of social-labor reintegration possible as an active member within their community.
- Help the individual readjust their daily habits.
- Reinsertion of the person in their daily life and in their environment in the best possible conditions.